Adult infected by West Nile Virus in Tompkins Co.

One person has contracted West Nile Virus in Central New York.

An adult from Tompkins County is the first confirmed case of West Nile this year in the county.

The virus is transmitted to humans through infected mosquitoes. Most people will not show any symptoms. About 1 in 5 people who are infected will develop a fever with other symptoms such as headache, body aches, joint pains, vomiting, diarrhea, or rash. Less than 1 percent of people who are infected will develop a serious neurologic illness like encephalitis or meningitis.

Here are some ways you can avoid being infected:

- Eliminate standing water which serves as mosquito breeding areas:

- Dispose of used tires, tin cans, plastic containers, ceramic pots or other water holding containers.

- Drill holes in the bottom of recycling containers that are kept outdoors.

- Turn over wading pools and wheelbarrows when not in use.

- Change the water in bird baths twice weekly.

- Repair window and doors screens to prevent mosquitoes from entering the house.

- Avoid the outdoors between dusk and dawn when mosquitoes are most active.

- Dress with long sleeves and pants and cover as much skin as possible to reduce areas for mosquitoes to bite.

- Use mosquito repellent that contain DEET or oil of lemon eucalyptus and always follow product label instructions.