In a sea of stress with more responsibilities at work and home these days, more and more people are turning to Xanax to treat their anxiety.
Also known as Alprazolam, it's the 11th most prescribed drug in the United States, but you often don't need a doctor to get it.
22-year-old "Nick" is a recovering Xanax addict. In addition to getting them at parties, he says he also would get prescriptions for hundreds of Xanax pills from doctors. "All you have to do is walk into a doctor's office and say you have anxiety, at least that's what I did and it was written to me," he said.
Nick says he knew he had to kick the drug when he took Xanax, blacked out while driving and seriously injured three people. "It's sobering to know my actions caused innocent people great bodily injury," he now says.
Doctors warn weaning off the drug has serious risks too. "It's so much easier to take people off heroin. I'd rather take 100 people off heroin than one person of Xanax because I know they'll have a year of withdrawal," says addiction specialist Dr. Jerry Callaway.
Dr. Calloway considers Xanax one of the most dangerous drugs he deals with. "You take away the suppressant drug and your system overshoots, increasing electrical activity in your brain is extremely uncomfortable and can kill you with seizures or strokes," he explains. He also says Xanax can be deadly when combined with other drugs.
A spokeswoman for Pfizer, the manufacturer of Xanax says, "When prescribed and taken as indicated Xanax has a well established safety profile and is an important treatment option that has benefitted millions of patients."
Between 2004 and 2008, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported an 89 percent increase in the number of emergency room visits nationwide related to the non-medical use of Xanax and other drugs in its class.
According to drug site which reviews the FDA's adverse events data base, people using Xanax reported more than 11,000 adverse events between 2004 and March of this year, including 83 deaths, 107 suicides and 100 comas.
Addiction experts also say you might be surprised whose abusing Xanax. "It might be a stay-at-home mom or a working mom, and in an attempt deal with the overwhelm of that they go to the doctor, they talk to them about the anxiety, they talk about the overwhelm the doctor prescribes them Xanax and next thing you know now they're addicted to it," says treatment center director Lori Johnson.
The FDA does require a warning to patients that Xanax can become addictive, but there is a petition asking them to add a stronger and more visible safety alert. "I think it's overdue," Dr. Callaway says.
As for Nick, who has now gone six months without Xanax, he has a warning of his own for those considering experimenting with the drug. "At all costs stay away from it. There's nothing good about it, nothing good can come out of Xanax," he says.
Have you ever taken Xanax? Did you find it to be addictive? Do you think stronger warning labels need to be added to the prescription? Leave your thoughts below.
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