What will winter be like this year?
Tue, 20 Oct 2009 14:52:25 GMT —
It started, as usual, back during the New York State Fair, and now it TMs full steam ahead like a runaway freight train. What is it? It TMs the number of people wanting to know what winter will be like.
As I have said many times, I just am not a big believer in long range seasonal outlooks. It TMs tough enough predicting our seven day extended weather outlook let alone the whole winter, but lets face it, we are all curious. I just wish I had a good answer.
We talk about El Nino (warmer than normal sea surface temperatures in the Pacific ocean, specifically off the coast of America). And we hear about La Nina (cooler the normal sea surface temperatures in the same area). But, for the most part, we are too far north latitude for El Nino or La Nina to have any great influence on our central New York weather.
There IS a winter prediction out though for the whole winter, for the entire country. No, I don TMt mean the Old Farmers Almanac, although it is out and available in local stores. Instead, I am talking about something with at least a bit more science behind it. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration TMs Climate prediction Center a couple days ago issued their long range winter outlook. I have posted their official press release and their forecast below.
In the meantime, I will keep looking for signs of what the winter holds in store for us. Next up| the wooly bear caterpillar!
NOAA: El Nio to Help Steer U.S. Winter Weather
El Nio in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean is expected to be a dominant climate factor that will influence the December through February winter weather in the United States, according to the 2009 Winter Outlook released today by NOAA TMs Climate Prediction Center. Such seasonal outlooks are part of NOAA TMs suite of climate services.
We expect El Nio to strengthen and persist through the winter months, providing clues as to what the weather will be like during the period, says Mike Halpert, deputy director of the Climate Prediction Center " a division of the National Weather Service. Warmer ocean water in the equatorial Pacific shifts the patterns of tropical rainfall that in turn change the strength and position of the jetstream and storms over the Pacific Ocean and the U.S.
Other climate factors are also likely to play a role in the winter weather at times across the country, added Halpert. Some of these factors, such as the North Atlantic Oscillation are difficult to predict more than one to two weeks in advance. The NAO adds uncertainty to the forecast in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic portions of the country.
Highlights of the U.S. Winter Outlook (December through February) include:
- Warmer-than-average temperatures are favored across much of the western and central U.S., especially in the north-central states from Montana to Wisconsin. Though temperatures may average warmer than usual, periodic outbreaks of cold air are still possible.
- Below-average temperatures are expected across the Southeast and mid-Atlantic from southern and eastern Texas to southern Pennsylvania and south through Florida.
- Above-average precipitation is expected in the southern border states, especially Texas and Florida. Recent rainfall and the prospects of more should improve current drought conditions in central and southern Texas. However, tornado records suggest that there will also be an increased chance of organized tornado activity for the Gulf Coast region this winter.
- Drier-than-average conditions are expected in the Pacific Northwest and the Ohio and Tennessee River Valleys.
- Northeast: Equal chances for above-, near-, or below-normal temperatures and precipitation. Winter weather in this region is often driven not by El Nio but by weather patterns over the northern Atlantic Ocean and Arctic, such as the North Atlantic Oscillation. These patterns are often more short-term, and are generally predictable only a week or so in advance.
- California: A slight tilt in the odds toward wetter-than-average conditions over the entire state.
- Alaska: Milder-than-average temperatures except along the western coast. Equal chances for above-, near-, or below-median precipitation for most areas except above median for the northwest.
- Hawaii: Below-average temperatures and precipitation are favored for the entire state.
This seasonal outlook does not predict where and when snowstorms may hit or total seasonal snowfall accumulations. Snow forecasts are dependent upon winter storms, which are generally not predictable more than several days in advance.
NOAA understands and predicts changes in the Earth's environment, from the depths of the ocean to the surface of the sun, and conserves and manages our coastal and marine resources. Visit http://www.noaa.gov .
On the Web:
NOAA TMs National Weather Service: http://www.weather.gov
NOAA TMs Climate Prediction Center: http://www.cpc.noaa.gov